Parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. The application of parallelism improves writing style and readability, and is thought to make sentences easier to process. Parallelism examples are found in literary works as well as in ordinary conversations.
This method adds balance and rhythm to sentences giving ideas a smoother flow and thus can be persuasive because of the repetition it employs.
“Alice ran into the room, into the garden, and into our hearts.” (We see the repetition of a phrase that not only gives the sentence a balance but rhythm and flow as well.)
This repetition can also occur in similar structured clauses e.g. “Whenever you need me, wherever you need me, I will be there for you.”
There are some reasons why I like cycling. First, cycling is healthy. Our body will produce a lot of sweats, and it can make our body fresh. Second, cycling is cheap. We don’t need to buy gasoline as fuel of our bicycle. Third, cycling is environmentally friendly. We don’t produce any smoke that can make air pollution. To sum up, I like cycling because healthy, cheap and environmentally friendly.
The compound –complex sentences
The compound –complex sentences is a sentence with two or more independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The compound- complex sentences is so named because it shares the characteristics of both compound and complex sentences. Like the compound sentence, the compound-complex has two main clauses. Like the complex sentence, it has at least one subordinate clause. The subordinate clause can be part of an independent clause.”
While Tom reads novels, Jack reads comics, but Sam only read magazines.
K-POPers and Someone interpretation
Hallyu wave has been spread out of the world. People from many countries loved korea especially for the music which is called k-pop. When a person loved k-pop, he/she called k-poper. The characteristic of k-poper is their style. K-poper is usually called as “alay” ,because they are rarely presenting themselves as same as their idol. In fact if K-poper loved their idol from the idols quality, they will not be over. Unfortunately, there are many k-poper is only loved for the idols packaging, so they try to look same with their idols, and it makes k-poper “alay.
In addition, there are many people who hate k-pop. People who hate k-pop think that k-pop has no quality because the artist of k-pop are only rely of face ,without ability of entertain. In another side, k-poper try to justify their opinion with explain how and what is k-pop in correct view, but it doesn’t work. Therefore, someone who loves k-pop needs sense of awareness. They should keep haters of k-pop feeling by appreciate their opinion and be taking care in presenting that they are k-poper.
A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when (and many others) or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In the following are some example of compound sentences
- When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page.
- The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error.
- The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.
- After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies
- Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying.
When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences 1 and 4, a comma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clause begins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences 2, 3, and 5, no comma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences 2, 3, and 5, it is wrong.
Note that sentences 4 and 5 are the same except sentence 4 begins with the dependent clause which is followed by a comma, and sentence 5 begins with the independent clause which contains no comma. The comma after the dependent clause in sentence 4 is required, and experienced listeners of English will often hear a slight pause there. In sentence 5, however, there will be no pause when the independent clause begins the sentence.
- Idea: “ What does about using music as media for teaching disabilities students”
F (For) => I agreed, for Rudi disagreed
- Idea :“How about your examination?”
I got 7 for mathematic, and I got 9 for English.
- Idea: “ What do you think about 2013 Curriculum”
Interpretation: I thought good for students characteristic, But students did not think so
A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.)
Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. in the following is some example of compound sentences
- I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
- Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping.
- Alejandro played football, for Maria went shopping.
The above three sentences are compound sentences. Each sentence contains two independent clauses, and they are joined by a coordinator with a comma preceding it. Note how the conscious use of coordinators can change the meaningof the sentences. Sentences 2 and 3, for example, are identical except for the coordinators. In sentence 2, which action occurred first? Obviously, “Alejandro played football” first, and as a consequence, “Maria went shopping.” In sentence 3, “Maria went shopping” first. In sentence 3, “Alejandro played football” because, possibly, he didn’t have anything else to do, for or because “Maria went shopping.”